Messenger Artificial Intelligence AI is transforming many human activities ranging from daily chores to highly sophisticated tasks. But unlike many other industries, the higher education sector has yet to be really influenced by AI. Uber has disrupted the taxi sector, Airbnb has disrupted the hotel industry and Amazon disrupted first the bookselling sector, then the whole retail industry. It is only a matter of time then until the higher education sector undergoes a significant transformation.
Another hot and humid day in Sydney tomorrow with a maximum of 32 degrees in the city and 38 in the western suburbs. How many times have we heard that on TV or radio weather reports?
But what would you think about the following forecast?
Temperatures in Wattle Street, Ultimo, will spike at 37 degrees around 10 am. Further up the hill at Point Street we can expect a top of 40 degrees shortly after 1 pm. Meanwhile, at the Observatory Hill weather station the 3 pm maximum will struggle to pass 32 degrees.
We are unlikely ever to be able to forecast temperatures to such pinpoint accuracy. Still, the above exercise reflects the very real differences in temperature — and thermal comfort — at the scale of the individual street, indeed individual block, within our cities.
The driver of this surprising variability is the interaction between urban form and the heat energy of the sun. Building heights and materials, width and orientation of streets, and presence or absence of vegetation all affect local temperatures across the city.
Recent media reports have highlighted the bizarre weather patterns in Sydney over January, February and March Some reports have linked evidence of temperature extremes to urbanisation and the loss of shading and moisture that vegetation provides.
A research collaboration between the UNSW Faculty of Built Environment and the Universities of South Australia and Melbourne has collected further evidence for the highly localised effects of building form, surface materials and street orientation on outdoor microclimate and pedestrian thermal comfort.
The aim is to build a solid evidence base to inform design, planning and policy across Australian cities. The vertical surfaces of multi-storey buildings account for much of the urban surface in contact with the surrounding air. Hotter surface temperatures elevate nearby air temperatures during the day.
Then, due to the thermal mass of typically dense and dark building materials, building facades continue to emit radiant heat well after sunset. This slows the cooling of local outdoor air temperature. Without night-time cooling, human thermal discomfort is prolonged. Consecutive nights of elevated air temperatures have severe impacts on human health.
This includes increasing heat-related mortality and morbidity. More extreme heat days projected from climate change on top of localised heating due to urban design elevates the health risks from future heatwaves. CC BY-SA Urban temperatures vary with design Our research sought to quantify the effects of typical urban form and materials on street microclimate and outdoor thermal comfort.
We recorded building surface temperatures and ambient air temperatures using a thermal camera and mobile weather station in various locations in metropolitan Sydney. Preliminary results suggest that business-as-usual architectural and urban design are exacerbating urban heat and creating hotter cities.
On the same day, pedestrian-height air temperatures were recorded mid-morning in Wattle Street, Ultimo — It's a lot of fun to speculate about the future, so use these conversation questions and start a lively discussion in your classroom about the future! About NYU. Connecting talented and ambitious people in the world's greatest cities, our mission is to be a top quality institution.
The NAE has outlined 14 game-changing opportunities for the 21st century called the Grand Challenges for Engineering. We want you to select at least one of them and in minutes show us how engineering will create a more sustainable, healthy, secure and/or joyous world in the future!
about food is a conversation Organized by KitchenTown, Future Food Institute and the Institute for the Future's Food Futures Lab, this event is part of a series of public discussions about innovation in the food system featuring entrepreneurs, industry experts, policy advocates, and you.
Hot spots occur at the scale of where people live – the building, the street, the block – which means urban design and building materials have profound implications for our health and well-being. Talk about the Future! All parents want their children to grow up and be as successful as possible in whatever they decide to do.
It helps to start early, talking with your child about what they want to be when they grow up. Here are some more ideas to take the conversation further.