A discussion of the outstanding soldiery of feudal japan and ancient sparta

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A discussion of the outstanding soldiery of feudal japan and ancient sparta

The largest, Spartacontrolled about square miles of territory; the smallest had just a few hundred people. However, by the dawn of the Archaic period in the seventh century B. They all had economies that were based on agriculture, not trade: Also, most had overthrown their hereditary kings, or basileus, and were ruled by a small number of wealthy aristocrats.

Visit Website These people monopolized political power. For example, they refused to let ordinary people serve on councils or assemblies. They also monopolized the best farmland, and some even claimed to be descended from the gods.

Land was the most important source of wealth in the city-states; it was also, obviously, in finite supply. The pressure of population growth pushed many men away from their home poleis and into sparsely populated areas around Greece and the Aegean.

By the end of the seventh century B. Each of these poleis was an independent city-state. In this way, the colonies of the Archaic period were different from other colonies we are familiar with: The people who lived there were not ruled by or bound to the city-states from which they came.

Agricultural society

The new poleis were self-governing and self-sufficient. The Rise of the Tyrants As time passed and their populations grew, many of these agricultural city-states began to produce consumer goods such as pottery, cloth, wine and metalwork.

Trade in these goods made some people—usually not members of the old aristocracy—very wealthy. These people resented the unchecked power of the oligarchs and banded together, sometimes with the aid of heavily-armed soldiers called hoplites, to put new leaders in charge.

These leaders were known as tyrants. Some tyrants turned out to be just as autocratic as the oligarchs they replaced, while others proved to be enlightened leaders. Pheidon of Argos established an orderly system of weights and measures, for instance, while Theagenes of Megara brought running water to his city.

However, their rule did not last: The colonial migrations of the Archaic period had an important effect on its art and literature: Sculptors created kouroi and korai, carefully proportioned human figures that served as memorials to the dead. Scientists and mathematicians made progress too: Anaximandros devised a theory of gravity; Xenophanes wrote about his discovery of fossils; and Pythagoras of Kroton discovered his famous theorem.

A discussion of the outstanding soldiery of feudal japan and ancient sparta

The economic, political, technological and artistic developments of the Archaic period readied the Greek city-states for the monumental changes of the next few centuries.The Spartan warriors were tough and strong, through training from a young age all Spartan warriors developed good battle skills.

Learn more about the Spartan warriors and why they were considered one of the strongest armies of their time. Read more about Medieval Japanese Weapons Influenced Culture Long After the Middle Ages ; Add new comment In Ancient Japan, the Samurai utilized a wide range of weaponry other than swords, bows, and spears.

called the Achaemenid Empire, is known for having an elite force of soldiers. Named the “Immortals” by Herodotus, this army.

Mar 09,  · Passing in review for President Franklin D.


Roosevelt and General George C. Marshall, the soldiers were Greek-American and Greek Immigrants, many of whom were not yet American citizens. The Battalion Commander was Major Peter D. Clainos, the first Greek born American to graduate from the West Point Academy and a co-founder of the Sons of Pericles.

Ranging from the Battle of Champions between Sparta and Argos in B.C. through Julian’s invasion of Persia in A.D. , Soldiers and Ghosts brings to life the most decisive military contests of ancient Greece and Rome. Lendon places these battles, and the methods by which they were fought, in a sweeping narrative of ancient military history.

According to some ancient sources, the real name of the famous philosopher Plato was actually Aristocles, given to him after his grandfather.

And Plato, meaning “ broad “, was a nickname he got either because of his broad shoulders or because of the extent of his eloquence. The feudalism in Japan was all basically a fight for more land, more wealth, and above all, more power.

When the government became weaker, large landowners had much power, and fought amongst themselves for each other’s land.

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