Kotter and lewins change and positive models Essay - Paper Example Kotter and lewins change and positive models Essay Change direction trades with accommodating and commanding alteration - Kotter and lewins change and positive models Essay introduction. Therefore, some theoretical accounts can assist an organisation to implement alteration successfully.
For Lewin, the process of change entails creating the perception that a change is needed, then moving toward the new, desired level of behavior and, finally, solidifying that new behavior as the norm. The goal during the unfreezing stage is to create an awareness of how the status quo, or current level of acceptability, is hindering the organization in some way.
The idea is that the more we know about a change and the more we feel that it is necessary and urgent, the more motivated we are to accept the change. Once people are unfrozen they can begin to move into the implementation phase, also called the changing stage.
During the changing stage, people begin to learn the new behaviors, processes and ways of thinking. The more prepared they are for this step, the easier it is to complete. Lewin called the final stage of his change model freezing, but many refer to it as refreezing to symbolize the act of reinforcing, stabilizing and solidifying the new state after the change.
The changes made to organizational processes, goals, structures, offerings or people are accepted and refrozen as the new norm or status quo. Advantages One of the key advantages of a force field analysis is that it provides a visual summary of all the various factors supporting and opposing a particular idea, with all the data that has been collected regarding a potential decision consolidated into a single graph.
In addition, force field analysis also expands the evaluation beyond the data itself to look at qualitative factors that may have an impact on the success or failure of the decision being analyzed. The change looks good on paper, as it makes rational sense, but when implemented the lack of considering human feelings and experiences can have negative consequences.
There may be occations when employees get so excited about the new change, that they bypass the feelings, attitudes, past input or experience of other employees. Consequently, they find themselves facing either resistance or little enthusiasm.
Force field analysis requires the full participation of everyone involved to provide the accurate information required for an effective analysis. This can be a disadvantage when full participation isn't possible, resulting in an analysis that doesn't provide a realistic picture of the supporting and opposing forces.
Another disadvantage is the possibility that the analysis won't result in a consensus among the group. In fact, a force field analysis may actually cause a division in the group between those who support the decision and those who oppose it.
Effectiveness One of the key things to keep in mind when using force field analysis is that the analysis developed is entirely dependent upon the skill level and knowledge of the group working on the analysis.
In most cases, force field analysis is based on assumptions, not facts; even if the assumptions are based on accumulated data, the interpretation of the data shouldn't be construed as being objective within the overall process of evaluating the driving and restraining forces.
Employees buy into the change after leaders convince them of the urgent need for change to occur. There are 8 steps are involved in this model: Establishing a sense of urgency, which serves as a motivator during times of change, is essential to inspire the necessary teamwork, ideas, and eagerness to make sacrifices related to the change.
Once individuals feel that the change is necessary, their energy needs to be directed and guided so that the change process can begin. To do this, a manager will create the guiding coalition by selecting and recruiting a team of individuals who will be capable of carrying out the change.
Next, a manager will need to create a change vision to provide employees with a clear understanding of what the change is all about.
Once created, a manager must communicate the vision so that all employees are able to see how the vision for change will affect and benefit them as an individual. A manager will then empower broad-based action by removing obstacles that block the change vision or disempower individuals with unrealistic and unattainable goals.
Throughout the change process, planning for and generating short-term wins is needed to maintain enthusiasm and momentum to keep the change initiative going. Because change takes time, Kotter believed that it was important to consolidate gains to produce more change by focusing on the role of early success as an enabler of future success.
Finally, in order to achieve true transformational change, the manager and organization must anchor changes within the organizational culture by monitoring the acceptance of change and how well the organizational culture is adapting to the change.
Advantages The process is an easy step-by-step model. Clear steps which can give a guidance for the process The focus is on preparing and accepting change, not the actual change.
Transition is easier with this model. The process takes a great deal of time. The model is clearly top-down, it gives no room for co-creation or other forms of true participation.
Can lead to frustrations among employees if the stages of grief and individual needs are not taken into consideration.In comparison to Lewin’s three-stage model, Kotter came up with an eight-stage change model in the book ‘Leading Change.’ The first of the eight, ‘creating urgency’, talks about giving people the initial motivation and starting an honest dialogue about the situation in the marketplace.
“Progress is impossible without change, and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything.” ~ George Bernard Shaw Kotter and Lewin provide varying models of organizational change, each of which was written nearly half a century apart from the other.
Kotters Model. As the above two edit templates, Kotter eight step change model has many drawbacks and benefits. The advantages are that it is the step by step, which is easy to follow model. Another is that it does not focus on change itself, but rather the acceptance and the preparation of this change, which makes it an easy transition.
A comparison between Lewin´s and Kotter´s models of change. Lewin´s 3 step model of change. Kurt Lewin developed a change model involving three steps: unfreezing, changing and refreezing. For Lewin, the process of change entails creating the perception that a change is needed, then moving toward the new, desired level of behavior and.
Comparison Of Kotter Lewin And Positive Models Management Essay Change is good, changes in the market, change requests and client technology for supporting activities changer, but change is not always in control of the organization (Vroom, )%(1).
Kotter’s Change Model. John Kotter is a change expert who is a professor at Harvard Business School. Kotter introduced a famous change process that consists of eight steps in his book, “Leading Change”. Step One: Create Urgency.
For an organization to let the change happen, this step is a primary motivation for the things to happen.