Definite articles in academic writing

Pre-calculus integration[ edit ] The first documented systematic technique capable of determining integrals is the method of exhaustion of the ancient Greek astronomer Eudoxus ca. This method was further developed and employed by Archimedes in the 3rd century BC and used to calculate areas for parabolas and an approximation to the area of a circle. A similar method was independently developed in China around the 3rd century AD by Liu Huiwho used it to find the area of the circle. This method was later used in the 5th century by Chinese father-and-son mathematicians Zu Chongzhi and Zu Geng to find the volume of a sphere Shea ; Katzpp.

Definite articles in academic writing

It depicted religion as evolving with human culture, from primitive polytheism to ethical monotheism. The Religionsgeschichtliche Schule emerged at a time when scholarly study of the Bible and of church history flourished in Germany and elsewhere see higher criticismalso called the historical-critical method.

The study of religion is important: Overview[ edit ] The 19th century saw a dramatic increase in knowledge about a wide variety of cultures and religions, and also the establishment of economic and social histories of progress.

The "history of religions" school sought to account for this religious diversity by connecting it with the social and economic situation of a particular group.

Typically, religions were divided into stages of progression from simple to complex societies, especially from polytheistic to monotheistic and from extempore to organized. One can also classify religions as circumcising and non-circumcising, proselytizing attempting to convert people of other religion and non-proselytizing.

Many religions share common beliefs. Evolutionary origin of religions and Timeline of religion The earliest evidence of religious ideas dates back several hundred thousand years to the Middle and Lower Paleolithic periods.

Archaeologists refer to apparent intentional burials of early Homo sapiens from as early asyears ago as evidence of religious ideas. Other evidence of religious ideas include symbolic artifacts from Middle Stone Age sites in Africa.

However, the interpretation of early paleolithic artifacts, with regard to how they relate to religious ideas, remains controversial. Archeological evidence from more recent periods is less controversial.

Examples of Upper Paleolithic remains associated with religious beliefs include the lion manthe Venus figurinescave paintings from Chauvet Cave and the elaborate ritual burial from Sungir. In the 19th century researchers proposed various theories regarding the origin of religion, challenging earlier claims of a Christianity-like urreligion.

Early theorists Edward Burnett Tylor and Herbert Spencer proposed the concept of animismwhile archaeologist John Lubbock used the term " fetishism ".

The site, near the home place of original wild wheat, was built before the so-called Neolithic Revolutioni. The site, abandoned around the time the first agricultural societies started, is still being excavated and analyzed, and thus might shed light to the significance it had had for the region's older, foraging communities, as well as for the general history of religions.

The Pyramid Texts from ancient Egypt are the oldest known religious texts in the world, dating to between BCE. The Dead Sea Scrollsrepresenting complete texts of the Hebrew Tanakh ; these scrolls were copied approximately years ago. Complete Hebrew texts, also of the Tanakhbut translated into the Greek language Septuagint BCwere in wide use by the early 1st century CE.

Advantages of religion[ edit ] Organized religion emerged as a means of providing social and economic stability to large populations through the following ways: Organized religion served to justify a central authority, which in turn possessed the right to collect taxes in return for providing social and security services to the state.

The empires of India and Mesopotamia were theocracieswith chiefs, kings and emperors playing dual roles of political and spiritual leaders.

Organized religion emerged as means of maintaining peace between unrelated individuals. Bands and tribes consist of small number of related individuals.The articles (“a,” “an,” and “the”) are constantly used in both everyday speaking and writing and in academic writing.

However, knowing which articles to use . The articles (“a,” “an,” and “the”) are constantly used in both everyday speaking and writing and in academic writing.

However, knowing which articles to use .

definite articles in academic writing

Biber, Johansson, Leech, Conrad, and Finegan () found that the is about twice as common as a or an in academic writing. This may be because writers at this level often focus on overall ideas and categories (generic reference, usually no article) and on specific references (definite reference, the .

THE USE OF ARTICLES IN ACADEMIC WRITING Renata im nková Technical University of Liberec Faculty of Sciences, Humanities and Education Studentská 2, 17, Liberec 1, Czech Republic [email protected] Abstract Writing academic texts in English is an inevitable part of work of all academics and researchers.

For the most part, EPA follows the Associated Press (AP) Stylebook.

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Other requirements of basic punctuation and grammar and usage in EPA writing modify, supplement, or . Definite and Indefinite Articles What is an article? Basically, an article is an adjective.

Like adjectives, articles modify nouns. In writing, "a historical event" is more commonly used. • Names of academic subjects: mathematics, biology, history, computer science.

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