Introduction This paper argues that the historical experiences of groups in the United States significantly shape the various cultural lenses through which people understand inter-ethnic conflict. Specifically, the mode of incorporation of a people into the social and cultural structure of the United States, along with their subsequent treatment, influences three aspects of that understanding at both the individual and group levels: The meanings attached to racial and ethnic identities: The relationship of the group and its component individuals to the state:
The Trouble with Black Boys: Academic Ignorance and Black Intelligence -- a article that foreshadows the development of what is now called culturally responsive or culturally competent teaching -- by linguistic scholar William Labov, who makes the point that "inner-city children do not necessarily have inferior mothers, language, or experience, but that the language, family style, and ways of living of inner-city children are significantly different from the standard culture of the classroom, and that this difference is not always properly understood by teachers and psychologists.
Linguists believe that we must begin to adapt our school system to the language and learning styles of the majority in the inner-city schools. He's author of a number of good books including Black in School: The Timeline Project -- a historical project that presents a critically reflective timeline and more about race relations and gender issues in the U.
What's Wrong with the Rosa Parks Myth? The Racial Wealth Divide Project -- research and publications documenting ways in which government policies have contributed to racial inequalities.
Racial Bias Built Into Tests -- a article about a successful case brought against a statewide Texas aptitude test that was found to have racial bias built into its design -- the article also explains that the test construction methods used in designing this test are common.
Barack Obama's Speech on Race -- as a candidate President Obama delivered this speech on issues of race in America -- read the transcript and listen to it here, or, go to this link to see and hear the speech.
Black Agenda Forum -- video of a March panel discussion with many key African American leaders, scholars, educators, community activists, and others -- the discussion focuses on challenges facing the African-American community and the nation, the question of whether America is in a "post-racial" era after the election of President Barack Obama, and the future of race relations in the U.
Historic Reversals, Accelerating Resegregation, and the Need for New Integration Strategies -- an important report about the increasing segregation and inequality of U. Boundary Crossing for Diversity, Equity and Achievement: Inter-District School Desegregation and Educational Opportunity -- a study that "provides an overview of the educational and social benefits of eight inter-district school desegregation programs — from Boston to East Palo Alto, CA -- that have enabled disadvantaged, Black and Latino students to cross school district boundary lines and attend far more affluent, predominantly White and privileged suburban public schools.
Despite the fact that these programs are out of sync with the current political framing of problems and solutions in the field of education, the research on these programs to date suggests that they are far more successful than recent choice and accountability policies at closing the achievement gaps and offering meaningful school choices.
The Little Rock Nine: How Desegregation Changed Us: The central finding is that desegregation "fundamentally changed the people who lived through it.
Applied Research Center -- an organization working to "advance racial justice through research, advocacy and journalism. An Examination of Racial Discrimination in U. ERASE Racism -- an organization that "develops and promotes policies and initiatives to end the perpetuation of institutional racism in arenas such as public school education, housing, health care, and economic development.
Lies My Teacher Told Me: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism; and more. The Sounds of Silence: Talking Race in Music Education -- a article about the importance of creating an approach to music education that's anti-racist in its goals and practices.
Breaking Down Barriers -- a report on a high school program in Michigan that successfully brought students together across racial and other social and cultural divisions. Race Bridges -- an organization that offers free lesson plans to promote interracial understanding.
National Alliance of Black School Educators NABSE -- an organization "dedicated to improving the educational experiences and accomplishments of African American youth through the development and use of instructional and motivational methods that increase levels of inspiration, attendance and overall achievement".
Engaging African American Males in Reading -- a great article by Alfred Tatum, with many useful insights and great teaching ideas and examples -- published in Educational Leadership inand available here online.
Black Students Are Not Culturally Biased Against Academic Achievement -- this study about African American students' attitudes toward school and academic achievement shows that where an anti-achievement attitude develops, it is "over time and is most likely to occur in schools where blacks are grossly underrepresented in the most challenging courses" -- i.
Race and Education -- a site with good programs and links with a particular focus on continued segregation in U. Supreme Court and School Diversity -- a radio program about two Supreme Court cases that call into question the efforts of many school districts to integrate their schools -- includes tape of the Supreme Court hearings on Dec.
The Unfinished Legacy of Brown v. Board of Education -- an excellent collection of articles about what the Brown case attempted to achieve and the extensive and complex work that remains.
Board of Education, history of reaction to the decision, and where we are now with regard to its goals. Classroom Activities and Resources -- lesson plans and curricular guides for teaching about this important Supreme Court Case.
An American Legacy -- a set of articles in Teaching Tolerance Magazine about this important Supreme Court case and related issues today -- includes good classroom instructional materials. Board of Education case and where we are now on the issues the case addressed.
The Promise Unfulfilled -- a special 5-part series that takes stock of the impact of the Brown v. Board of Education case -- raises important questions about current issues of race in education. America's Next Achievement Test: The Teaching Diverse Students Initiative -- a program designed to help educators address the education gap "by providing research-based resources for improving the teaching of racially and ethnically diverse students.
Uri Treisman's Merit Workshop Model -- an article about the important work and ideas of Uri Treisman, who has demonstrated how to improve teaching effectiveness when working with African American students who are not doing well in school -- he replaces remedial approaches with an honors program approach rooted in group collaboration and challenging problems in an environment of high expectations.
Treisman and access some of his publications.U.S. media outlets practice a different policy when covering crimes involving African Americans or Muslims.
Despite hundreds of documented incidents involving unarmed African-Americans shot by white cops, few police officers are ever prosecuted. If this was happening to white Americans, there would be Congressional hearings and massive reform efforts underway. Given the historical salience of civil rights struggles affecting African Americans, we expected both Tier 1 and Tier 2 media outlets to cover African American deaths but .
Class, Race, and Gender in Criminology and Criminal Justice: Ways of Seeing Difference Gregg Barak, Eastern Michigan University. The following is a Symposium Speech delivered at the Second Annual Conference on RACE, GENDER and CLASS Project in New Orleans on October 20, Ethnic and racial groups in the USA: Conflict and cooperation.
Mary C. Waters. Mary C. Waters and trace how those differences contribute to different understandings of causes and consequences of hate crimes in New York City.
Only the killing of Yusef Hawkins in Bensonhurst involved an African-American. 4 The four incidents referred .
Americans are divided when it comes to their opinions about police and violence, with significant differences in attitudes based on race and ethnicity. Thirty-two percent of adults say police violence against the public in the United States is an extremely or very serious problem, 35 percent report it is moderately serious, and 33 percent say.