Write about the making of constitution of india

The Making of the Indian Constitution Article shared by:

Write about the making of constitution of india

Description [ edit ] The Constituent Assembly, consisting of indirectly elected representatives, was established to draft a constitution for India including the now-separate countries of Pakistan and Bangladesh.

It existed for approximately three years, the first parliament of India after independence in The Assembly was not elected on the basis of universal adult suffrage, and Muslims and Sikhs received special representation as minorities.

The Muslim League boycotted the Assembly after failing to prevent its creation. Although a large part of the Constituent Assembly was drawn from the Congress Party in a one-party environment, the Congress Party included a wide diversity of opinions—from conservative industrialists to radical Marxists, to Hindu revivalists.

The Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi on 9 Decemberand its last session was held on 24 January The first task of this Assembly is to free India through a new constitution, to feed the starving people, and to clothe the naked masses, and to give every Indian the fullest opportunity to develop himself according to his capacity.

This is certainly a great task. Look at India today. We, are sitting here and there in despair in many places, and unrest in many cities.

What is the Constitution of India?

The atmosphere is surcharged with these quarrels and feuds which are called communal disturbances, and unfortunately we sometimes cannot avoid them. But at present the greatest and most important question in India is how to solve the problem of the poor and the starving.

Wherever we turn, we are confronted with this problem.

write about the making of constitution of india

If we cannot solve this problem soon, all our paper constitutions will become useless and purposeless. Keeping this aspect in view, who could suggest to us to postpone and wait?

II Background and election[ edit ] India was still under British rule when the Constituent Assembly was established following negotiations between Indian leaders and members of the Cabinet Mission to India from the United Kingdom.

Provincial assembly elections were held early in Constituent Assembly members were elected indirectly by members of the newly elected provincial assemblies, and initially included representatives for those provinces that formed part of Pakistan some of which are now in Bangladesh.

The Constituent Assembly had representatives, including nine women. The Congress Party held a large majority in the Assembly 69 percent of the seatsand the Muslim League held nearly all the seats reserved in the Assembly for Muslims.

Twenty-eight members of the Muslim League joined the Indian Assembly, and 93 members were later nominated from the princely states ; the Congress Party secured a majority of 82 percent.

Constitution and elections[ edit ] See also: Constitution of India At 11 am on 9 December the Assembly began its first session, with members attending. By earlyrepresentatives of the Muslim League and princely states joined, and the Assembly approved the draft constitution on 26 November On 26 January the constitution took effect commemorated as Republic Dayand the Constituent Assembly became the Provisional Parliament of India continuing until after the first elections under the new constitution in Organization[ edit ] Dr.

Sachchidananda Sinha was the first chairman temporary of Constituent Assembly. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the president and Its vice-president was Harendra Coomar Mookerjeea Christian from Bengal and former vice-chancellor of Calcutta University.

Rau was appointed constitutional adviser to the assembly; Rau prepared the original draft of the constitution, and was later appointed a judge in the Permanent Court of International Justice in The Hague. Committees presented reports on issues.

Rau prepared an initial draft based on the reports and his research into the constitutions of other nations. The drafting committee, chaired by B. Ambedkarpresented a detailed draft constitution which was published for public discussion. The draft constitution was discussed, and amendments proposed and enacted.

The constitution was adopted, with a committee of experts led by the Congress Party known as the Congress Assembly Party played a pivotal role. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held in the constitution hall now the Central Hall of Parliament House.

Demanding a separate state, the Muslim League boycotted the meeting. Sachchidananda Sinha was elected temporary president of the assembly, in accordance with French practice. Rajendra Prasad was elected as president and H.

Mukherjee was elected as vice-president of the constituent assembly. Rau was appointed as its constitutional adviser. It finally became the Preamble of the constitution.The Constitution declares India to be a Sovereign, Secular, Socialist, and Democratic Republic. At the same time, India has federal features.

The powers of the government are divided between the centred government and the state governments. Write an essay on the constitution of India According to our Constitution, India is a Democratic Republic.

The real power rests with the people.

Constituent Assembly of India - Wikipedia

The Government of the country is run by the elected representa­tives of the people. India is a Republic. It means we have no king.

Making of Indian Constitution is the main thing in Constitutional Design chapter. after much struggle, we have got the Constitution. -5 India being a diverse country faced various difficulties while drawing up its Constitution/5(22).

It adopted Constitution of India on November 26, in Union of India (also Dominion of India). So the time period taken to prepare Indian Constitution is 2 year, 11 months, 18 days.

Indian Constitution was signed by members of Constitution assembly on January 24, 30K ‘India mooted role for Anil Ambani’s firm in Rafale deal,' says France's ex-President Hollande. The Constitution of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna) is the supreme law of India. The document lays down the framework demarcating fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens.

It the longest written constitution .

Making of Indian Constitution